Linda L. Carpenter, MD is a Professor of Psychiatry in the Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Chief of the Mood Disorders Program at Butler Hospital. She completed her undergraduate degree at the University of Michigan and medical school at the University of Pennsylvania. She did an internship in internal medicine, psychiatry residency, and research fellowship at Yale, then joined the faculty at Brown in 1997. She has continued her path since then as a physician-researcher investigating the neurobiology of, and new treatments for, major depression and other mood and anxiety disorders. Dr. Carpenter has also conducted a number of randomized clinical trials sponsored by industry and NIH, investigating investigational drugs and devices for treating depression, including esketamine, Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). She is the founding Director of the Butler Hospital TMS Clinic and Neuromodulation Research Facility and co-author of several published TMS Clinical practice guidelines. Dr. Carpenter was engaged in TMS research prior to the first FDA clearance in 2008, and has remained active as a TMS clinician and researcher since then. She is a faculty member of several national TMS training courses and serves on the Board of Directors of the Clinical TMS Society. She is a member of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Council on Research and has published extensively on TMS and other treatments for depression.